Category Archives: Interconnected Research

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Multidisciplinary Approach

The integration of other fields of science to achieve a multidisciplinary approach that encompasses all relevant sources of evidence as they relate to fraudScience. All articles for this category are found by selecting the “Interconnected Research” category link. Specific research topics indexed under this category are found at the topic tag at the bottom of each posting.  

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50 years of data mining: upcoming trends and challenges

Data mining involves extracting interesting patterns from data and can be found at the heart of operational research (OR), as its aim is to create and enhance decision support systems. Even in the early days, some data mining approaches relied on traditional OR methods such as linear programming and forecasting, and modern data mining methods are based on a wide variety of OR methods including linear and quadratic optimization, genetic algorithms and concepts based on artificial ant colonies. The use of data mining has rapidly…

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On the applicability of game theory in economics

An analysis of the assumptions generally made in game theory is carried out. The analysis is used as a basis for a review of the collection of articles, dealing with recent developments in mathematical game theory, entitled Advances in Game Theory. Special efforts are made to evaluate some of the lines of development with respect to their utilization in the field of economics. Our general conclusion is that the possibilities of expression provided by game theory have not been investigated to their full extent within…

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Medical ethics, logic traps, and game theory: an illustrative tale of brain death

Decision making and choices are frequent themes in medical ethics. Game theory is based upon modelled decision making. Game theory, and associated logic traps, may have relevance to the clinical practice of medicine and medical ethics. The “prisoner’s dilemma” is one logic trap from game theory in which “rational” decision making on the part of participating individuals can lead to “suboptimal” situations. An example of such a situation involving brain death is presented and discussed from the perspective of the prisoner’s dilemma. via JSTOR: Journal…

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Game theory, behavior, and the paradox of the Prisoner’s Dilemma

The deceptive simplicity of the Prisoner’s Dilemma game may tempt researchers to make unwarranted analogies between it and more complex human interactions. The classic Dilemma is examined jointly from the viewpoints of game theory and human sense: can we match theory, experimental results, and our casual observations of human affairs? The author discusses three proposed solutions of the PD game: Howard’s meta-games, the game of infinite length (Aumann), and his own modification for games of social or economic survival. The importance of communication (or lack…

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