Category Archives: Social Sciences

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Social Sciences Influence

The study of specific social science research, to include sociology, criminology, and cultural influences to the committal of fraudulent acts, deception and persuasion techniques. All articles for this category are found by selecting the “Social Sciences” category link. Specific research topics indexed under this category are found at the topic tag at the bottom of each posting.

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Crime and Social Interactions

The high variance of crime rates across time and space is one of the oldest puzzles in the social sciences; this variance appears too high to be explained by changes in the exogenous costs and benefits of crime. We present a model where social interactions create enough covariance across individuals to explain the high cross-city variance of crime rates. This model provides an index of social interactions which suggests that the amount of social interactions is highest in petty crimes, moderate in more serious crimes,…

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Deception: From Ancient Empires to Internet Dating

Deception and especially lying are typically ascribed to human beings and often distinguished from other forms of conveying incorrect or misleading information by intentionality.  If a person is merely ignorant of the truth, then telling something other than the truth would not usually be considered lying, except that pretending to know the truth is itself a kind of deception. via Deception: From Ancient Empires to Internet Dating.

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Linking Sociology and its Specialties: The Case of Criminology

The purpose of this article is to raise some questions and to make some observations about the linkages of sociology to its specialties by reviewing the changing relationship of sociology and criminology. In the United States, the development of criminology as a field of study has been closely linked to the development of sociology as a discipline, and sociology has given American criminology its distinctive cast. Criminology has benefited from theoretical and methodological developments in sociology and in turn has contributed to sociology as one…

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Mental Models in Social Interaction

In this study, the authors introduce a new way to analyze cognitive change during social interactions, based on the mental model theory of reasoning. From this approach, cognitive performance can be improved for solving problems that require multiple models when participants in a social interaction group maintain qualitatively different models of a problem. Four relational reasoning experiments are reported. In Experiment 1 with school-aged participants, the authors found better performance for the social interaction groups on a posttest. Experiment 2 with younger children, in which…

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